GPS disciplined oscillator
I needed a frequency reference for my projects (gpsdo style)
In addition having a 10MHz frequency reference (which can be divided also to 1MHz, 100KHz, 10KHz, 1KHz and 100Hz) is a nice to have tool on the bench.
I decided to split it into two phases:
First get a 10 MHz signal from the GPS to try it using the PPS output,
Second switch the PPS to 1Hz and make it a real GPS DO with the my Isotemp OCXO-131
For my GPS locked Frequency Reference Standard 🙂 i bought a u-blox NEO-7M Module (uBlox Neo-7M GPS)
u-blox makes great GPS receivers and getting a module should speed up the breadboard design.
This modules comes without a PPS pin. This can be easily solved by using a 5-pin header (use a wire cutter to trim the 5 pin directly to the plastic) and a piece of wire connected to the on board led
I run the board on 3.3V and i already had a 3.3V RS232 converter handy.
u-blox provides a tool called ucenter (used version 8.23)
GPS is already configured at 9600 bps
Start your ucenter
Receiver -> Port -> COM3 (replace with your com port)
Change your configuration to the below (for 10 MHz on PPS on locked and 5 Hz when unlocked)
And press send
First issue encounter was the jitter on the 10MHz. NEO-7M uses a 48 MHz crystal internally and it cannot be divided exactly for 10 MHz…
And our favorite for 10 MHz…
I still don’t know if i should use a 10 MHz crystal as a filter and then a schmitt trigger to give a clean square wave output.
Use a ground plane for the ceramic antenna, it’s a huge difference on, a simple one side PCB will do the trick, place the ceramic antenna ontop
The backup current needed for NEO-7M is 10μA. The capacitor selected on this board is a a XH414HG which has 30μAH capacity till it reaches the 2V… Seriously… max 2.5 hours disconnected from the power and you loose the settings created above… Solved by using a CR2032 and a diode
ISOTEMP OCXO-131 has arrived
AVR ATMega328 using External clock
According to the data sheet:
To drive the device from an external clock source, EXTCLK should be driven as shown in the Figure
below. To run the device on an external clock, the CKSEL Fuses must be programmed to ‘0000’:
And Divide clock by 8 disabled
avrdude options -patmega328p -U lfuse:w:0xef:m -U hfuse:w:0xdf:m -U efuse:w:0xf9:m
To be continued